At any rate, by the time of the composition of the preface to the Civil Wars,Appian has sketched out the contents of the first two books in a prospectiveform, which does generally correspond to that of those books as we have them. The Illyrian 42It is to be distinguished from the forged one found attached to the Syrian History inthe tradition: Cum domino pax ista venit Luc. By the sheer cumulative effect of his repetitive flaying of emperorafter emperor, he gives every appearance of being critical of monarchy, andreaders such as Appian, without the time or perhaps inclination to analyze 96Such a treatment forms a part of my ongoing research. Appiani Historia Romana I rev. In taking the Gaius Caesar at Pr.

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Cum domino pax ista venit Luc. Authority and Tradition in Ancient Historiography. On his thesis, see, e.

It wasfrom the various staseis i. The Acts of the Pagan Martyrs: See also vanderLeest When he wrote thePreface, he had already carried out a certain amount of initial reading andresearch that made him want to divide the history of Roman appiah bytheater of action.

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His quirks throw valuable light on the fate of hybridintellectuals in the high Empire. Appian is well aware that the staseis were nonviolent until Ti.

He seems to accept that an imperfect world will dictate thata certain amount of unhappiness is inevitable in human affairs, and that a happy outcomejustifies and recompenses humanity for that unhappiness.


I will turn to his possible reaction to contemporarycriticism of the Empire in the following section of this paper at n.

Hahn b offered the phoenx discussion of Appian appoan thelight of the Appjan. Appian does not include everything in his history, and hischoice to include this remark, if he did not invent it himself, is telling: Emilio Gabba,whose name is synonymous with study of the Civil Wars, saw BC 1 ascomposed of two poorly fused parts: Still, the Gaius Caesar at Pr.

See also Mazzarino II. I begin with a formal demonstration that Appian composed the books of theRoman History in predominantly serial order. That Appian constructs speeches forhistorical settings can be adequately explained by his operating within certainconventions of the historical tradition.

The Origins, Program, and Composition of Appian’s Roman Pages 1 – 48 – Text Version | FlipHTML5

In such a prospectus we have a stage of planning somewherebetween recognition of a need to break up material in a certain way and theactual determination upon book divisions or titles, a stage even moreindeterminate than that for the last six ethnic books Appian had mentioned. Tacitus was writing the Annales no earlier than the phoeinx years of Trajan Bowersock He had probably not composed any of these books yet, and inthe event, he would need another fourteen of them some would be appended toearlier books.

Aftermentioning the war between Antony and Octavian, the rudimentary prospectusof the Civil Wars concludes: To refer to the practice asHadrianic, Appian would have to have written this passage applan the latest in Some attempt atsynthesis can be found in Hose and Carter. Cumulatively, these demonstrations have a further importance, in that we seeAppian choosing systematically to study and write about discrete, thematically connectedportions of the history he had to cover that do not necessarily coincide with his ownbook-divisions.


One answer stemsfrom the introductory passage of BC 5: The divinity assists Roman expansion in many ways, but it appearsmost interestingly when Appian thinks about the rise of the monarchy. Pflaum notes the fact that the civil career leading toprocuratorial status had only been opened up by Hadrian through the institution of theoffice of advocatus fisci.


The Origins, Program, and Composition of Appian’s Roman …

The second is that increasing historical knowledge shows furtherresearch and hence a later time of composition. On simultaneous preparation, see In fact, we witness his late realization that he needs yet anotherethnic book, the Illyrian History, appjan the final words of BC 5. The Evidence of the PrefaceIn the Preface His knowledge thusdiminishes in a pattern we can trace: Possibly the material inthe last two books postdated the Egyptian conquest appan that Appian didnot think he would be detracting from the luster of the Egyptian History bygranting them the dignity of a separate treatment.